The second trimester

4th month of pregnancy

Changes in the mother

The body continues to change, your stomach gradually becomes rounder. In the 4th month, you will have the 2nd scan in which you can see the various parts of your baby's body: feet, arms, head. You may also be able to hear the heart beating.

Drink a lot in order to avoid urinary infections.

Practical advice: You can ask your insurance company about reimbursement of maternity costs.

Changes to the foetus

Muscles develop and the digestive system starts to work. All organs are in place. The heart beats on average 140 beats a minute. The body is covered in a light covering called amniotic fluid. The foetus can put its thumb in its mouth from this month onwards. The foetus measures approximately 20 cm.


5th month of pregnancy

Changes in the mother

Your stomach starts to get round and becomes difficult to hide. You can share the experience of your baby's first movements with the father-to-be, who can place his hand on your stomach.

Changes to the foetus

Arms develop and the foetus uses its feet and arms to move. It turns over and does somersaults. You can feel your baby move.

Swallowing and sucking reflexes start. Respiratory movements are irregular but frequent. Blood circulation has completely finished.

A sense of touch and sound develops and sensitivity to voice in particular. This is early communication, you can start to talk to the baby.


6th month of pregnancy

Changes in the mother

Your stomach is even rounder and becomes heavy. The weight of the baby can cause back pain. To avoid back pain, you can do stretching exercises for the spinal column and change your posture: back straight when sitting down, avoid shoes with heels and soft mattresses, don't carry anything heavy, bend knees and not the back when picking something up, get out of bed using the seated position.

Iron requirements are significant in the second trimester. If you don't have sufficient iron stores, deficiencies can occur and cause anaemia. Your doctor may prescribe iron to resolve this.

Changes to the foetus

The foetus moves more and more (up to 20 times an hour) but sleeps for on average 16 to 20 hours a day. Hair grows, eyelids and eyelashes are completely formed.

Skin develops and an oily film covers the baby's body.

Senses start to develop, the baby reacts to noise and voices around it.

The foetus measures approx. 35 cm and weighs 1 kg.

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